theories in leadership and management in nursing


Today, nursing management is viewed as a profession of its own, requiring unique instruction, skills, and qualities (which ordinarily come far more naturally to some than other people). As a basic element to drive a team?s motivation, overall performance, and job satisfaction, successful nurse management is of the utmost significance to hospitals and overall health systems. Constructing upon this logic, nurse managers using a strong understanding of their own nursing leadership style might be extra profitable in managing their team/unit, eventually driving improved patient care.
One of the most useful leadership types in nursing management fully understand that both nursing staff and individuals advantage from the unit acting as a group. Realizing that the good results of the unit heavily relies on the strength in the nursing leader really should implore nursing leaders to understand the diverse varieties of leadership designs in nursing management. As soon as a foundational understanding on the leadership styles in healthcare is established, nursing leaders can take private inventory of how they fall into present types, whereas also assessing which styles they might be alot more effective with in the future.

The nurse manager of the surgical unit assumes a leadership part within this situation. She is responsible for the management of registered nurses, health-related assistants, workplace employees, performance evaluations, budgets, shifts, and attendance for this unit. 1 day, she was told a nurse generally slept on her evening shifts. To her surprise, the nurse not merely took a nap in the nurse station around the evening shifts but additionally slept on the examining table in the examining area right after midnight. Definitely, the nurse was neglecting her duty and violating the evening shift policy too.
Within this case, when the nurse did not recognize her mistakes and didn’t know that sleeping on her evening shifts was against policy, patient safety would be ignored and good quality care could not be offered, to not mention diminished patient satisfaction and negative outcomes. Hence, the unit director had to take action. The most significant challenge for the unit director was finding the nurse to acknowledge the mistake and subsequently adjust her behavior. The ultimate objective within this situation, nevertheless, is to prevent the nurse from sleeping on her evening shift, to convince her to take her job a great deal more seriously, and to encourage a positive attitude toward her work.
Leadership for this reason will be either transaction-based or transformational. Transactional leadership typifies most leader-follower relationships. It involves a ?you scratch my back; I will scratch yours? exchange of economic, political, or psychological items of worth. Every party to the bargain is conscious from the power and attitudes from the other. Their purposes are connected and sophisticated only as long as each parties perceive their individual interests to be furthered by the partnership. The bargainers have no enduring connection that holds them collectively; as quickly as an item of worth is perceived to become at risk, the partnership may break apart. This point is illustrated by labor strikes resulting from a change in the terms of perform. The compliance of labor with management is primarily based on an acceptable set of transactions; when the transactions are changed, the partnership may not have considerably to hold it collectively. Burns notes that in such instances, a leadership act takes place, nevertheless it will not be 1 that ?binds leader and follower together in a mutual and continuing pursuit of a larger purpose?. Transactional leadership just isn’t a joint effort of persons with typical aims acting to get a collective goal, but ?a bargain to aid the individual interests of persons or groups going their separate ways?.